In Illinois, you must have a Firearm Owner Identification Card to own guns or ammunition legally. You could face serious legal repercussions if you possess a firearm without a FOID.
Illinois.gov explains the FOID Act outlines some people who do not have the right to obtain a card and therefore cannot own or possess firearms.
There are different rules for applicants if you are under the age of 21. You do have to be a member of the military to qualify in this age group. The agency will also look at your juvenile records. If you have a criminal history, you may not qualify. You also must have the written consent of a parent or guardian to obtain the FOID.
If you are over the age of 21, your criminal history also can result in a denial. You cannot have any felony convictions or have a history of mental illness. You must not have an intellectual or developmental disability or an addiction to drugs or alcohol.
You must be a lawful citizen of the U.S. and have no history of having a past application denial due to not being honest. Any conviction for a violent crime or crime using a firearm also disqualifies you. You must be a resident of Illinois. Finally, you must not have any protection orders against you or criminal charges pending.
Securing a FOID requires completing an application. You must provide all requested information and be completely truthful in your application. If you receive a denial, it does not necessarily disqualify you forever. You may be able to reapply if your situation changes.